And researchers warned that as large wildfires become more common — spurred by dryness linked to climate change — health risks will almost surely rise. At fault, researchers say, is a confluence of two modern events: More people are moving to communities in and around wooded enclaves, pushed out by factors like the rising costs of housing and the desire to be closer to nature — just as warming temperatures are contributing to longer and more destructive wildfires.
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Wood smoke contains some of the same toxic chemicals that city pollution does. While humans have long been around fire, they generally inhale it in small doses over cooking or heat fires. Humans have not, however, evolved to handle prolonged inhalation of caustic air from something like the Paradise blaze, Dr.
Balmes said. Research into the long-term health effects of large wildfires is still new. But a growing body of science shows how inhalation of minuscule particles from wood fires can nestle in the folds of lung tissue and do harm to the human immune system. The body creates zealous responses to what it sees as an alien presence, and those effects can last for years by priming the body to overreact when it encounters subsequent lung irritation, said Dr. Kari Nadeau, a pediatric allergy and asthma specialist at Stanford.
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In short, researchers like Dr. Attention on Friday was focused on the death toll from the Paradise fire, north of Sacramento, which had reached 71 people. The ,acre fire was 45 percent contained, and officials said they expected to reach percent by Nov. Full containment does not mean that the fire is extinguished, only that firefighters were able to complete a perimeter around the flames and stop them from spreading. But up to new adventures. His career Jack Mooney has been put in danger with internal affairs now being drafted in to review his methods of work.
Episode seven will see the character under investigation with an officer sent over from Paris to watch him as he solves cases. Who is replacing Florence Cassell in Death in Paradise?
Why is Josephine Jobert leaving Death in Paradise? The idea of dangerous Asia made its first appearance in the s and s. The motif appeared in short stories and novels in which Asians invaded Australia. Many, like the protagonists of Alexander Montgomery's Bulletin short stories of the s, came to a bad end. Such tales continued to be produced through the s and s. World War II fulfilled many of these prophecies - Asians swept down from the north. The myth of the Asian hordes had prepared Australians for such an invasion; only America could save us. War novels continued the story and although, initially, these were sparse, by the s and s they merged into Cold War variations of invading Asia.
There was a range, from the relentlessly earnest writings of 'those who were there' in Vietnam to Jon Cleary's more popular and interesting adventures that never took themselves too seriously. They gave the Anzac legend an Asian setting. Those murders form the epilogue, rather than the substance, of Koch's book, as if no Australian imaginative writing could take on the scale and the horror of the killings. The appalling destruction of Dili, an event into which first Australian journalists and then Australian troops inserted themselves, fulfilled all the prophecies in the exotic literature of blood-thirsty Indonesians.
Against the perfidious and murderous hordes portrayed in stories about Indonesians attacking diggers, the heroic Anzac came to the rescue. In many reports the diggers were presented as a sporting team with guns, with troops who described themselves as being there to 'kick Militia arse'. For all our fears of them invading us, in the end it was the other way around.
After , Left and Right were joined in the view that 'Living Dangerously' was the correct, if not the only, way to view Asia, particularly Indonesia. This was the death knell to what had been largely a top-down attempt to create a new view of Asia during the Keating years. A brief new promise that an expanding middle class in Asia, especially Indonesia, would provide a market to replace Australia's dependence on Europe and the United States was dislodged.
This had been a major reversal. The teeming millions who, in Gough Whitlam's parody, would descend on Australia through gravity, now became our friendly buyers. The only problem with this view was the cost: 'engagement', which was incompatible with concerns about human-rights abuses, the suppression of democracy and the fate of the East Timorese people.
It was a creation of government advisers, the only people convinced by it. When the Asian Crash came and the rupiah plummeted, only the rump of the 'Indonesia lobby', a few Australian National University economists, seemed surprised. Few now disagree that the 'engagement' needed for 'Trading Asia' led us down a wrong path.
Still, despite constant reminders of Indonesia's danger, Australians like me kept going to its premier tourist island. The bombing victims included people who also tried to get back every year. The ease with which we looked past Bali's connection to Indonesia testified to the strength of Bali-as-paradise, born of long historical experience. Bali began life as a tourist destination for Australians as part of a cruise-ship itinerary for the wealthy.
Occasional travel notices of journeys, such as Margaret Preston's trip, helped to spread a benevolent view of the island. At the beginning of World War II, one of Australia's most popular writers, Frank Clune with his fascist ghost writer 'Inky' Stephenson , presented Bali as a charming island of brown men and topless women, a mixture of Hindu culture and South Seas relaxation.
In the late s and early s the artistic reputation of the island attracted Donald Friend. He was following in the footsteps of his fellow artist Ian Fairweather, but it was Friend, through his long residence, reported in everything from the Australian Women's Weekly to his own books and film, who helped Australians feel at home in Bali.
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At this time there was a boom in the study of the Indonesian language in schools, and some of the first school groups visited, like the one I was on as a country kid dazzled by a green world of rituals and art. Our losmen provided the basic requirements of a bed, a mandi, where you stood in the bathroom and ladled cold water over yourself, and a friendly Balinese family atmosphere.
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My first 'hit' of Balinese culture came in the same way that it surprises and delights most tourists. On the way from the Ngurah Rai Airport we stopped for a ceremonial procession, all chattering gongs and bright colours, and were invited to witness the coming cremation for which the procession was an overture. A few days later we were duly caught up in the throng at the graveyard of Pamecutan, in the western part of the city.
Amidst the children selling flavoured ices and other refreshments, we crowded with morbid fascination to see the corpse being put into its bull-shaped sarcophagus before it and the beautiful accompanying tower were consumed by flames. Bali leaves such strong impressions and vivid memories on most tourists, because this cultural extravaganza is so easily found.
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