It is a chance to discuss the critical questions of the day around the biomedical model in mental health. Lucy Johnstone will summarise current debates and controversies about psychiatric diagnosis. It is increasingly acknowledged, even within the mental health establishment, that categories like 'schizophrenia', 'bipolar disorder' and 'personality disorder' lack validity.
The assumption that distress is best understood as disease can have very serious consequences for the individual, their identity, and their path to recovery. Lucy will present alternatives to diagnosis which can help clients to make sense of experiences of distress, however extreme, and which are based on working together to explore personal meaning.
About Lucy Dr Lucy Johnstone is a UK clinical psychologist, trainer, speaker and writer, and a long-standing critic of biomedical model psychiatry. She has worked in adult mental health settings for many years, alternating with academic posts.
She is the former Programme Director of the Bristol Clinical Psychology Doctorate, a highly regarded course which was based on a critical, politically-aware and service-user informed philosophy, along with an emphasis on personal development. Lucy has authored a number of books, including 'Users and Abusers of Psychiatry, 2nd edn articles and chapters on topics such as psychiatric diagnosis, formulation, the psychological effects of ECT, and the role of trauma in breakdown.
She is currently convening a group of leading UK clinical psychologists and mental health experts who are working to develop an evidence-based and conceptually coherent alternative to the current diagnostic systems. About Jo Jo Watson is a psychotherapist, trainer and activist with a professional history the rape crisis movement of the 's. She has worked therapeutically for the last 20 years with people who have experienced trauma. Jo actively challenges the biomedical model in mental health both inside and outside of her work and links distress and mental ill health to psycho-social causes.
Jo founded the facebook group 'Drop The Disorder' in September as a place where the issues surrounding the biomedical model can be discussed. David Bourland, Jr. Curiously, Korzybski like Kelly had been educated in engineering.
Table of contents
In this enced also the ideas of Alfred Adler. The reading of Science and thought and then assume that these Sanity raised questions in Kelly about the interrelation between language and match reality: we behave "as if" the world matches our models. Jacob L. Moreno was a Romanian- it appears that Kelly was citing American psychiatrist and psychosociologist, regarded as the pioneer of group psy- those parts of Korzybski that dealt chotherapy.
Here Moreno introduces techniques of spontaneous improvisa- There is in Korzybski a more spe- tion, self-presentation, and two types of soliloquies. Alfred H. Kelly dating back to the period in which never cites him, but may have Kelly was attending high-school! Johann Friedrich Herbart made the acquaintance of Jacob L. Moreno Eva Korn photographer, c.
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Actually, the neous improvisation in formulating parallels between the two are striking. By over theory in human life, and the essen- adopting methods that require persons to enact a role so as to change the way tially relational nature of human beings. In a personal communication to Dennis N. I think mathemat- ics is the pure instance of construct functioning—the model of human behaviour. In trying to recall or set up an idea the apperceptive mass, or background of previous experience, must always be taken into considera- tion.
Our perceptions are then really more than perceptions, they are apperceptions, experiences into which all past experiences are fused as well as the object of the moment. The Role of the Psychotherapist The Psychotherapeutic Approach The Appraisal of Experiences Steps in Diagnosis Preface to Volume One Disorders of Transition 1. Constructive Alternativism Elaborating the Complaint 2. Basic Theory The paperback edition of , consisting of The Nature of Personal Constructs Loosening and Tightening 4. The Clinical Setting Producing Psychotherapeutic Movement 5.
Constructing Stories, Telling Tales: A Guide to Formulation in Applied Psychology
The Repertory Test Special Techniques in Psychotherapy 6. The Analysis of Self-Characterization 8. Fixed-role Therapy 9. Dimensions of Diagnosis The implicit pole of a construct is that one which embraces contrasting context. It contrasts with the emergent pole. In some systems these are called objects. The context of a construct comprises those elements among which the user ordi- narily discriminates by means of the construct. This is the "nothing but" type of construc- tion — "If this is a ball it is nothing but a ball.
This is stereotyped or typological thinking. This is uncontaminated construction. It may or may not have been devised before the person A regnant construct is a kind of superordinate construct which assigns each of its had command of speech. It tends to be nonabstractive. A core construct is one which governs the person's maintenance processes.
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A high-level construct is A tight construct is one which leads to unvarying predictions. They collect both persons and a particular kind of event it on a more comprehensive level. It does not, in itself, include the comprehensive under the same rubric. FEAR Fear is the awareness of an imminent incidental change in one's core structures. ANXIETY Anxiety is the awareness that the events with which one is confronted lie outside the range of convenience of his construct system.
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Other instruments have been added to these in the following years, devised by other authors. The constructs are written ture , or non-articulated the obsessional conceptual structure , that is, in the rows according to the verbal labels used by the person, and a convention is monolithic or segmented. Nowadays, statistical ways to determine relative dispersion of ber of independent discriminations available to the person; dependency other than by inspection have been presented.
Write it as it might be written by a friend who knew him very intimately and very sympathetically , perhaps better than anyone ever The psychologist then proceeds to the analysis of contextual areas invoked by the pro- really could know him. Be sure to write it in the third person. Beail, N. London: Croom Helm. They are qualitative techniques of text analysis, in a contempo- Fransella, F.
Personal construct counseling in action. Thousand Oaks, CA: rary language, consisting of Sage. Fransella, F. Chichester, UK: Wiley. The easy guide to repertory grids. Introduction to the repertory grid interview. Caputi, P. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. Constructivist approaches and research methods: A practical guide to exploring personal meanings. It is worth quoting the following story narrated by Kelly.
Is personal construct psychology a cognitive psychology? In- tive theory.
The manuscript was about a third completed when I gave a lecture at Harvard Univer- ternational Journal of Personal Construct Psychology, 3, Personal construct theory and cognitive science. Later the same afternoon, Dr.
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